General Description:

Golden-brown to chocolate- brown with irregular dark reddish streaks. The grain is rarely straight, mostly irregularly interlocked, with medium to fairly coarse texture and uneven. Sometimes small white spots occur in the wood and these are a natural feature.

Mechanical Properties:

This timber has medium bending strength, high crushing strength, loe resistance to shock loads and very low stiffness. It hasonly a moderate steam bending classification as some buckling and fibre rupturing is liable, even when supported.


The wood has excellent drying properties in both air and kilning, although it dries slowly especially in thicker sizes. There is little tendency for splitting or distortion and knots split only slightly. There is small movement in service.

Working properties:

Works well with hand and machine tools, but the interlocked grain affects machining operations with a moderate blunting effect on cutting edges. Care should be taken when nailing. It glues well and can be stained and polished to a very good finish.


The sapwood is liable to attack by powder post beetle. The heartwood is very durable and resistant to preservative treatment. The sapwood is moderately resistant.


Furniture, paneling and high-class joinery and domestic. Selected logs are sliced for architectural veneers and for decorative veneering purposes. It is an excellent turnery wood.